flies, gnats

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Subpage flies:  Tachinidae   Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)   House flies (Muscidae)  Soldierflies (Stratiomyidae)  Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae)    Small flies   Small flies   Gnats  

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                                  Flies, gnats

Crane flies (tipilidae), They have  a long and thin body and very long, thin legs. The family Tipulidae includes three subfamilies: Tipulidae, Cylindrotominae and Limoniinae. They live in the same way.  The adult crane flies don’t eat or  eat only a little nectar. They live only to mate and live not long. 
The female has a pointed tip which she uses to push her eggs into the soil. The larvae feed on the roots of plants. They can bee a pest  because the damage to lawns.
 
Crane fly (Ctenophora pectinicornis) Crane fly (Nephrotoma flavipalpis) The wings are folded.
Crane fly (Ctenophora pectinicornis). Crane fly (Nephrotoma flavipalpis) The wings are folded.
More information about gnats (Nematocera) you can find on Subpage gnats

Flies:
Of some families I have many species. Those families, I've put on a subpage. Of each family is an example on this page. Below is a link to the subpage.
I also created a subpage with families, which consist mainly of small flies. Hover flies are on two separate pages.

Pegomya winthemi. Familie Bloemenvliegen (Anthomyiidae)

Root-Maggot Fly spec.
Family Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae)  Greek: anthos = flower en myia = fly 

Greenbottle Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Greenbottle, Lucilia spec Maybe (Lucilia caesar) 
Family Blo
w-fl (Calliphoridae) 
  Subpage: Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae)     Subpage Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)
Eudasyphora cyanella. Genus Eudayphora. Tribe Muscini. Onderfamilie Muscinae. Familie Echte Vliegen (Muscidae).

Eudasyphora cyanella  
Family House flies (Muscidae) 

Broad Centurion, Green Soldier Fly (Chloromyia formosa)
Family: Soldierflies (Stratiomyidae)

 Subpage House flies (Muscidae)  Subpage Soldierflies (Stratiomyidae)
Tachina fera Subfamily Tachininae. Tribe Tachinini Family: Tachinidae

Tachina fera  / Tachina magnicornis  
Family: Tachinidae
Larvae of  Tachina species parasites on larvae of other insects.

Black scavenger flies or ensign flies (Sepsidae)
All families, mainly of very small flies are available on a separate page.

 Subpage Tachinidae  Subpage Families Very small flies

Other families of flies. They are arranged alphabetically.  I have used the scientific (Latin) name.

Roberflies (Asilidae).
Robberflies (Asilidae) are flies, which catch other flies in the same way as  dragonflies  with their forelegs. The short, strong proboscis is used to stab and inject victims with saliva containing neurotoxic and proteolytic enzymes. The fly then sucks the liquefied meal through the proboscis.
All robber flies have stout, spiny legs. They aid in pray capture.
Larvae live in the soil and decaying wood. They also feed on other insects.  

Common Awl Robberfly (Neoitamus cyanurus). Ffemale. Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robberflies (Asilidae).

Common Awl Robberfly (Neoitamus cyanurus). Male. Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robberflies (Asilidae).

Common Awl Robberfly (Neoitamus cyanurus).Female. Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robberflies (Asilidae).

Common Awl Robberfly (Neoitamus cyanurus). Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

This is most common species. 
It often occurs in the neighbourhood of oaks. It is already bee found early in spring. 
May - September
Length: 20 - 25 mm
Photo left: female
Photo left bottom: male

Photos 8-6-2012, 5-6-2012.

Dioctria hyalipennis. Subfamily Dioctriinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

Dioctria hyalipennis. Subfamily Dioctriinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).
with prey.

Dioctria hyalipennis. Subfamily Dioctriinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae). Dioctria hyalipennis. Subfamily Dioctriinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

A Small robberfly. forests and shrubs Characterization: The middle of and forefeet are red, a continuous silver line on the side of the brisket. 

Length 12 -14 mm.

Other  resembling species:
Dioctria rufipesDioctria linearis.



Robber flies photographed in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

 Borstelroofvlieg (Dysmachus trigonus). Onderfamilie Roofvliegen (Asilinae). Familie Roofvliegen (Asilidae). vrouwtje. Borstelroofvlieg (Dysmachus trigonus). Onderfamilie Roofvliegen (Asilinae). Familie Roofvliegen (Asilidae). vrouwtje. Bruinvleugelroofvlieg (Pamponerus germanicus). Onderfamilie Roofvliegen (Asilinae). Familie Roofvliegen (Asilidae). 
Dysmachus trigonus. Subfamily  Asilinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae). Female. 

Sandy soils. Lots of light brushes on the segments of the abdomen dark triangles. The ovipositor of the female is on the side flattened. April - August. Length 10 -15 mm. Photo 30-6-2013.

Pamponerus germanicus. Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

A large robber fly. Edges of woods, dunes. Red-brown with dark legs thighs. May - July. Length 17 -21 mm. Photo 26-6-2013.

Vroege zandroofvlieg (Lasiopogon cinctus). Onderfamilie Breedkoproofvliegen (Stichopogoninae). Familie Roofvliegen (Asilidae). Vroege zandroofvlieg (Lasiopogon cinctus). Onderfamilie Breedkoproofvliegen (Stichopogoninae). Familie Roofvliegen (Asilidae).
Philonicus albiceps. Subfamily Asilinae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

Sandy soils, heath, poor grasslands. Ovipositor female is round. Black legs with mostly white bristles and short grey hairs. May - October. Length 12 -20 mm. Photos 24-6-2014.
Lasiopogon cinctus. Subfamily Stichopogoninae. Family Robber flies (Asilidae).

A small robber fly. Forest edges, sandy soils. Black legs. 
April - September. Length 7 -11 mm. Photos 3-5-2013, 11-6-2013.

Bee flies (Bombyliidae)
Bee Flies have pubescent (hairy) bodies like bumble bees.

 

Anthrax anthrax. Genus Anthrax.  Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). 

 

Anthrax anthrax. Genus Anthrax.  Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae).  Anthrax anthrax. Genus Anthrax. Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). 

It's a black fly. The wings are black. Only the edges of the wings are partially transparent. On the black abdomen are white hairs.
The larvae live in nests of mason bees. At the entrance of the nest the female lays the eggs. The larvae eat the pollen and nectar supply. The eggs and larvae of the bees are also eaten by the larvae of the Anthrax anthrax.
I don't see many flies. Yet a few times a year.

Length: 7 - 13 mm.

Photos 17-6-2012 en 2-7-2012.

 

Villa modesta. Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). Female.

 

Villa modesta. Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). Female.

Villa modesta. Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). Female. Not in the garden but in de dunes about 4 km vfrom our house.

All over the world there are villa species. In the Netherlands there are two species similar to the Villa modesta. Namely Villa hottentotta and Villa longicornis. On the abdomen of the female are white bands and at the end at both sides yellowish-white hair tufts. The males don't have the white bands and the hair tufts are very white. The wings are clear. Only the front is brownish. In the Netherlands you can find them all along the coast.
The female lays her eggs in a hole in the sand, which is filled with sand, dust when she is laying the eggs. The larvae use as a host the larvae of several species of moths.
Length: 11 - 16 mm.
Photos 29-8-2013.

Villa modesta. Familiy Bee flies (Bombyliidae). Male. Male. 7-7-2014. 

Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae)
Thick-headed flies have long antennae, a long snout and a curved body. Thick-headed flies because of the thick (inflated) head
Conopid flies deposit eggs on the abdomen especially of wasps, bees and bumblebees. This happens in flight. The larvae are internal parasites or endoparasites. The larvae develops inside the abdomen. The development is completed within 10 - 12 days, when the host is killed.

!!!!!!! To determine the Conopid flies you can use de veldtabel voor de blaaskopvliegen van Nederland en België of John Smit. The explanation is in Dutch with many photos. Only about the Conopid flies in the Netherlands an Belgium. 

Conops quadrifasciatus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Conops quadrifasciatus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Conops quadrifasciatus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Conops quadrifasciatus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Conops quadrifasciatus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

There are some similar species. Conops quadrifasciatus has orange, yellow legs.
Their larvae are endoparasites of bumble bees of the genus Bombus.

Length: 9 - 16 mm

German:  Vierstreifige Dickkopffliege 

Photos: 16-08-2009. Photos couple: 16-08-2011. The same day, not the same year.

Physocephala rufipes

Physocephala rufipes

Physocephala rufipes

Physocephala rufipes

Physocephala rufipes Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae)

Physocephala rufipes has a small, long second segment. The other segments are broader and shorter.  
Under the antennae is a black stripe. 

Other species in the Nettherlands are: Physocephala nigra (rare), Physocephala chrysorhhoea, Physocephala vittata. 

The larvae are endoparasites of Sphecidae, bees, bumble bees and social wasps.

Length: 9 - 13 mm.

Leopoldius maybe Leopoldius signatus. Rare in the Netherlands!! Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae) Leopoldius maybe Leopoldius signatus. Rare in the Netherlands!! Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae)

There are more species in the Netherlands. Namely L. brevirostris, L. coronatus, L. valvatus. They are all very rare. 
At the moment I took this picture, it was gloomy weather. After the photo the fly was disappeared. To be able to identify this fly I needed a photo of the front. 

Photo 20-9-2011.

Sicus ferrugineus

Sicus ferrugineus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Sicus ferrugineus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Sicus ferrugineus Sicus ferrugineus. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

A reddish brown Conopid fly. 
The larvae are endoparasites of bumblebeesof the genus Bombus.  

May - September.
Europe.

Photos 27-6-2010, 9-7-2013.

German: Gemeine Breitstirnblasenkopfliege.

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae). Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

The different species Myopa are very similar.
Of the Mytopa species in the spring only M. buccata and M. testacea are to identify from photos. M. tesselatipennis is the commonest in the Netherlands. (Thanks Han)

Striking is the large, white face (below the eyes). On these photos they are sitting in a currant bush, which is often visited by the hosts of their larvae. (bees, wasps, bumblebees)

Photos 12-4-2012, 14-4-2012.    

 
Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

The different species Myopa are very similar. Striking is the large, white face (below the eyes). 

Myopa buccata. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

A very variegated brown coloured black Myopa with a striking white head. The wings have a large spots pattern in which there is always a white spot on cross vein R-M. All the thighs with a black ring on the middle.
Length 6 - 11 mm. April - July.

Text taken from "Waarneming" (translated). Han Endt thanks for identify.

Photos 12-4-2012, 14-4-2012.    

 
Myopa testacea. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

 

Myopa testacea. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae). Myopa testacea. Family Thick-headed flies, Conopid flies (Conopidae).

A dark brown Myopa with just a clear spot in the wing cross vein RM. Sometimes there is to distinguish vague darkening in the top of the wing, but these are never clear spots. Thorax to the scutellum completely black. Because of the spot on the wing it is not to be confused with other Myopas.
Length 6 - 11 mm. April - July.

Text taken from "Waarneming" (translated). John Smit thanks for identify.

Photos 30-4-2013.   

 

Long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae)
The flies are slender with long slender legs. The colour varies, but they usually have a shiny metallic color. The size of flies in this family is from 1 mm to 9 mm. The arista  is upright on the end of the antenna. Both the fly and larvae are mainly predators. (invertebrates, larvae) Especially in a humid environment.

Argyra. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae). Argyra. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae). Chrysotus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
Argyra. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae). Argyra. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
Very light abdomen. The thorax is shiny green. There are some similar species. Photos 26-6-2013.
Chrysotus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae). Chrysotus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
Very small shiny golden flies. The name of the species  is not possible. Photos 4-6-2012.
Dolichopus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae) Dolichopus ungulatus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae)
Dolichopus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae) Dolichopus spec. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae.
I don't know the species. 
The fly is beautifully shiny metallic green. The eyes are shiny too. The legs are long and slender. 
Photos 14-5-2011 en 24-4-2011
Dolichopus ungulatus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae)

Dolichopus ungulatus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
Gedetermineerd door Igor Grichanov.
Determined by Igor Grichanov.
A larger species, which I found
on the window frame in the pantry. Metallic green with light legs.

Sciapus  Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae) Sciapus platypterus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
Sciapus  Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae)   Sciapus.  Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
John Carr: A species of Sciapus, the only genus of Dolichopodidae in your area with forked M vein.
Niels-Jan: Probably it will be S. platypterus, but a female is not possible from a photograph. Males have white on the middle tarsi.
Photos 2-6-2011.  Small, against the wall.
Sciapus platypterus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).   Sciapus platypterus. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).
A slim fly easily recognizable by the white tarsi of the middle leg. In my garden it usually walks on its long legs in the shade.  Photos 12-6-2012.
Neurigona quadrifasciata. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae). Neurigona quadrifasciata. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).

A slender fly with long legs. The abdomen is yellow with dark spots at the top.
Often on tree trunks. Europe.

Length 3.5 - 5 mm.
Photos 29-5-2013, 

 Neurigona quadrifasciata. Family long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae).

Dance Flies, Balloon Flies, Dagger Flies or Empids  (Empididae)
Dance flies are predatory flies. On the photo you can see the long snout. Dance fly, because the males dance for the females. They also offer the females a prey. There are many small species.
I've photos of the genus Empis, Rhamphomyia en Hilara. Differences are: The fork in the wing veins in the wing tip of wing of the Hilara is long. In the wing of the Empis it is short-triangular and it lacks in the wing of the Rhamphomyia.
They don't stabbing people.

Empis tesselata. Family Empididae. Female Empis tesselata. Family Empididae. Female Empis livida. Family Empididae. female
Empis tesselata. Family Empididae. Male Empis tesselata. Family Empididae.

You can see them also on flowers. The lower part of the legs is red brown. The beginning of the wings is orange brown. Length 9 - 11 mm.   May - August
Europe, North Africa, Asia. Photos 22-5-2013.
German: Gewürfelte Tanzfliege.
Empis livida. Family Empididae. male Empis livida. Family Empididae.

A male. The legs are brown. Length 7 - 10 mm. April - July. 
Photo 19-6-2011, 26-6-2012

Empis opaca. Family Empididae. Rhamphomyia spec.  Family Empididae.
Empis opaca. Family Empididae. Empis opaca. Family Empididae.

A gray-black fly with orange legs and shiny black "saddle" spots on the abdomen segments.
Length 6,5 - 9 mm. Photos 8-5-2013.

Rhamphomyia spec.  Family Empididae. Rhamphomyia spec.  Family Empididae.

Photos 4-5-2013.  

Hilara spec. Family Empididae. Male Hilara spec. Family Empididae.

This is a much smaller species. About 3 - 4 mm. 
The males have swollen tarsi, which contains silk glands. These silk glands is used to wrap up prey during courtship.
 
Photos 14-5-2010, 27-4-2013, 9-5-2013.

Hilara spec. Family Empididae. Male Male. The veins in the wings are better visible. 

Hilara spec. Family Empididae. Female Hilara spec. Family Empididae. Female  Female. Without the swollen tarsi of the male.

Fanniidae  
Family: Small flies. Mostly grey - black. The larvae live in decaying organic matter.

Fannia spec. Family Fanniidae. Male Fannia spec. Family Fanniidae. Female Fannia spec. Family Fanniidae.
There were several of these flies as well males as females. Length about 4 mm, shiny black. There are many similar flies of the family Faniidae. It isn't possible to determine these flies from a photo. Photos 24-5-2013.
Lesser housefly (Fannia canicularis). Family Fanniidae. Lesser housefly (Fannia canicularis). Family Fanniidae. Fannia lustrator. Family Fanniidae.

Lesser housefly (Fannia canicularis). Family Fanniidae.

Lesser housefly (Fannia canicularis). Family Fanniidae.

Photos 12-11-2012. Length 4 - 6 mm.

Fannia lustrator. Family Fanniidae. Fannia lustrator.  Family Fanniidae.

Photos 17-4-2009. Characteristic to the Fannia lustrator are the orange legs.
Fannia manicata. Family Fanniidae. Fannia manicata. Family Fanniidae. The tuft of hairs on the underside of the front shin is an important characteristic of the Fannia manicata.  Fannia mollissima. Family Fanniidae.

Fannia manicata. Family Fanniidae.

Fannia manicata. Family Fanniidae.

The tuft of hairs on the underside of the front shin is an important characteristic of the Fannia manicata. Photos 20-4-2012.
Fannia mollissima. Family Fanniidae. Fannia mollissima. Family Fanniidae.
  
Photos 6-5-2010. A small, dark fly. About 5 mm.

Heleomyzidae
The larvae often live in decaying organic material, fungi (genus Suillia)

Suillia spec. Family Heleomyzidae. Suillia variegata Family Heleomyzidae
Suillia spec. Family Heleomyzidae. Suillia spec. Family Heleomyzidae.
Notable are the ‘spines’ on the wing edge.
Suillia species are oft in the neighbourhood of mushrooms. Therefore you can find them mainly in autumn.
Suillia variegata Family Heleomyzidae Suillia variegata Family Heleomyzidae Suillia variegata. Family Heleomyzidae.
Suillia affinis resembles this fly. The wings of Suillia variegata have darker patches. There's a small pale area on the tip after a darker patch. Photos 17-10-2011
Tephrochlamys rufiventris Family Heleomyzidae. When it is not to cold, you can find (in the Netherlands) flies in December. Common flies in summer, are special now.



Tephrochlamys rufiventris Family Heleomyzidae.

The larva can be found in waste, manure hope. That's why you find the fly oft in the neighbourhood of farms. There are even a few species of this family in the pool area. 
I have photographed this species December 25. This fly must be able to handle the cold. There are flies similar to Tephrochlamys rufiventris. But they are not so late or early in the year. 

Megamerinidae

Megamerina dolium.  Family Megamerinidae. Megamerina dolium. Family Megamerinidae.

Megamerina dolium is Europe's only species of the family. They are slim, dark and shiny. The legs are orange. I thought at first that it was a wasp when I saw it in the garden.
Size 6 - 9 mm.
The larvae are predators. They live under the bark of dead trees.

Photos 16-8-2011, 2-7-2014.

Megamerina dolium.  Family Megamerinidae.

 

Big-Headed Flies (Pipunculidae)
There are both small and large flies in this family. 3.5-11.5mm. Usually they are  hairless dark flies with very large eyes. The larvae are parasites of cicadas. The cicadas don't survive, because it is finally completely eaten. Then the larvae pupate in the soil. They are related to hover flies.

Big-Headed Fly Family Big-Headed Flies (Pipunculidae)
Big-Headed Fly Family Big-Headed Flies (Pipunculidae)

The species can not be determined from this photos.
This is a small fly. About 4 mm.


 Big-Headed Fly Family Big-Headed Flies (Pipunculidae)   Photo 17-6-2011.

Rust flies (Psilidae)

Carrot fly.  Psila merdaria or Psila fimetaria. The difference is not visible on these photos. Family Rust flies (Psilidae). Carrot fly.  Psila merdaria or Psila fimetaria. The difference is not visible on these photos. Family Rust flies (Psilidae). Chamaepsila spec. Family Rust flies (Psilidae).
Carrot fly.  Psila merdaria or Psila fimetaria. The difference is not visible on these photos. Family Rust flies (Psilidae). Carrot fly.  Psila merdaria or Psila fimetaria. The difference is not visible on these photos. Family Rust flies (Psilidae).

A striking orange fly.  It has few brushes and clear wings. The length of this fly was about one cm. The larvae of the carrot flies are fytofaag (plant eating). They live in the roots, bulbs and non-woody stems. Photos 24-5-2009.

Chamaepsila spec. Family Rust flies (Psilidae). Chamaepsila spec. Family Rust flies (Psilidae).

A shiny dark fly with an orange front of the head. The legs are yellow-orange. Well known is the carrot fly Chamaepsila rosae, whose larvae damage in carrots, but also celery, parsley, leeks, onions. However in the Netherlands there are more similar Chamaepsila species. Length about 4 - 5 mm. Photos 5-5-2014.

Snipe flies (Rhagionidae)
Snipe flies are small- or large-sized flies. They have slender bodies, long legs and long wings. 

Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly, Rhagio lineola. Female. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly, Rhagio lineola. Female. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Downlooker snipefly ( Rhagio scolopaceus). Female. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae).
Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly, Rhagio lineola. Male. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae).  Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly, Rhagio lineola. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). 

About 8 mm.  Photos 10-7-2010, 17-7-2014.

Downlooker snipefly (Rhagio scolopaceus). Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). 

Downlooker snipefly ( Rhagio scolopaceus). Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae).  Female and male. 
Distinct black spots and a black pterostigma in the wing. It hunts for insects.  Length 8 - 16 mm.  May - September. Photos 15-5-2014, 21-5-2014. 

Rhagio tringarius Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae) female Chrysopilus cristatus. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female. Chrysopilus cristatus. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female.
Rhagio tringarius Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae) female Rhagio tringarius. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female.
A yellow-brown fly. The thorax is slightly darker yellow with brown stripes in length. On the abdomen are dark spots. The male is slimmer, the tip of the abdomen of the male is dark.
The larvae feed on larvae of other species and li
ve in the damp soil. The adult fly seems to catch other flies.
Length 8 to 14 mm. Photos 19-8-2011.
 Chrysopilus cristatus. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Male.

Chrysopilus cristatus. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae).  
Female: The abdomen is golden coloured. On the thorax you see two grey dusted stripes. 
Male (left): It is slimmer and darker with unclear or no stripes. It looks like the in the Netherlands much rarer C. splendidus.
Length 6-8 mm. Europe. Photos 6-6-2011, 2-7-2012.

Chrysopilus asiliformis. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female.    
Chrysopilus asiliformis. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female.   Chrysopilus asiliformis. Family snipe flies (Rhagionidae). Female.  
Head, thorax and abdomen are grey dusted. Green eyes. Brownish-yellow thighs. Length 6-9 mm. Photos 26-6-2014.
 

Rhinophoridae.
It also has the stiff hairs like the Tachinidae. The antennae are smaller. In the Netherlands there are 7 species. The larvae are parasitoids of woodlice. Parasitoids like the larvae of the Tachinidae. More information about Rhinophoridae. 
In the Netherlands the family
Rhinophoridae consists of six genera. The genus Stevenia consists of two species. The other genera consist of one species.

Melanophora roralis. Female. Family Rhinophoridae.  Melanophora roralis. Male. Family Rhinophoridae. Rhinophora lepida. Family Rhinophoridae.
Melanophora roralis Family Rhinophoridae Melanophora roralis. Family Rhinophoridae.

It has dark wings with clear veins. The females have white wing tips.
About 5 mm. Ph
oto 17-6-2011, 17-6-2013, 15-5-2014.
Rhinophora lepida. Family Rhinophoridae. Rhinophora lepida. Family Rhinophoridae.

A small, shiny dark fly.
I see these flies in June and July on many flowers in the garden.
In the first two pictures it is on Yarrow. Photos 12-6-2011 
Paykullia maculata. Family Rhinophoridae. Phyto melanocephala. Family Rhinophoridae.
Paykullia maculata. Family Rhinophoridae. Paykullia maculata. Family Rhinophoridae.

A shiny black fly. Een glanzend zwarte vlieg.
The wings are partly dark. (
Photos 7-10-2013.
Phyto melanocephala. Family Rhinophoridae. Phyto melanocephala. Family Rhinophoridae.

Photos 24-11-2011. Very, very late for this fly.
Stevenia umbratica. Family Rhinophoridae.  
Stevenia umbratica. Family Rhinophoridae. Stevenia umbratica. Family Rhinophoridae.

Probably for it is very similar to Stevenia atramentaria.
Photos 22-7-2012. 

Dung-flies, Scathophagidae
The size varies. 3 to 12 mm. The body and legs often have many brushes and hairs. The larvae live in  rotting organic wastes such as manure. But there are also larvae, which are miners.

Scathophaga spec. Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae)

 

Scathophaga spec. Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae).

Scathophaga with light coloured antennas are difficult to determine.
The Scathophaga furcata have a light coloured antenna, but  species like Scathophaga lutaria and for example S. Suilla. have also light antennas.
They catch other flies... often on mammal faeces.

 Scathophaga spec. Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae) Scathophaga spec. Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae)       Other Scathophaga: Scathophaga spec. Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae) Photos 16-10-2011

 

Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria)  Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae)


Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria). Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae).


The antennas of a dung fly have a dark colour.  
Jürgen Peters: Das mit den dunklen Fühlern = S. stercoraria gilt übrigens nur für Mitteleuropa. Im Norden (Norwegen, Schottland, Shetland Inseln usw.) gibt es noch S. calida, in Rußland etc. z.B. S. cordylurina. Die haben auch dunkle Antennen, sind aber auch ansonsten grauer. In these area it is more difficult to determine a
Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria)  Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae) Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria)  Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae)         Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria)  Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae) Dungfly (Scathophaga stercoraria)  Family Dungflies (Scathophagidae) Photos of the Dungfly. March, April 2009.

They catch other flies, but sometimes they feed on nectar.  On this photos with many pollen.
Flower: Pilewort (Ficaria verna)
The females are less hairy and they're grayer.
German: Gelbe Dungfliege, Gemeine Kotfliege  French: scatophage du fumier, mouche à merde.

Daffodil fly (Norellia spinipes) Family Scathophaga

Daffodil fly (Norellia spinipes) Family Scathophaga

The spines on the thigh are characteristic. (spinipes: thorny legged)
The female put the eggs on the leaves of the daffodil. (down near the bottom) The larva eats mainly in the part under the soil (leafminer). Therefore the outer leaves die off. The bulbs have no damage. They are often less large.



Photo: 4-4-2011

 

Sarcophagidae
Small to very large flies. 3 -22 mm.  Characteristics: Stripes on the thorax, red eyes and a checkerboard like pattern on the abdomen. Because of their brushes they  look like tachinidae. The larvae are parasites. Furthermore, I 've found different descriptions in books and sites. There are written about food sources such as earthworms, insect larvae, pupae, but also dead animals.

Flesh fly, Sarcophaga. Family Flesh flies, Sarcophagidae.

Flesh fly, Sarcophaga. Family Flesh flies, Sarcophagidae..

Flesh flies, Sarcophaga. Family Flesh flies, Sarcophagidae.

Flesh fly, Sarcophaga. Family Flesh flies, Sarcophagidae. Flesh fly, Sarcophaga. Family Flesh flies, Sarcophagidae.

Sarcophaga carnaria is the most common species, but there are more similar species.

The flies feed on nectar and pollen.

German: Fleischfliegen  

Een jong dambordvliegje. Een jong dambordvliegje. A young Flesh fly, Sarcophaga. The wings are not ready. That will take a while. (Two hours is possible) Meanwhile it walks on the leave.  
On the head it has a kind of hatchet.  It uses it in the "egg" to get out. Later it disappears.

Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae.

Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae.

Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae.

Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae. Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae.

There are different species. On the forum "waarneming.nl" are 7 species for the Netherlands. (M. argentata, M. argyrocephala, M. campestris, M. grandii, M. italiana, M. staegerii, M. tshernovae) The differences are unfortunately very small.
It is a small mobile fly. In the sun, its face looks like a light. That is characteristic to all family members.
The larvae of the flies in the subfamily Miltogramminae are parasites of the food of various species of bees and wasps.
The large photo: A young fly.

Photos juni 2012, left bottom 14-5-2011.

Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae. Metopia spec. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae. Photos 25-4-2011. An other Metopia spec. Browner. Only the lower part of the head is white. 

 

Miltogramma germari. Genus Miltogramma. Onderfamilie Miltogramminae van de familie Sarcophagidae.

 

Miltogramma germari. Genus Miltogramma. Onderfamilie Miltogramminae van de familie Sarcophagidae. Not in the garden but in the dunes 3 km from my house.

Miltogramma germari. Genus Metopia. Subfamily Miltogramminae. Family Sarcophagidae.

The other two species in the Netherlands are M. punctata and M. Testaceifrons. Miltogramma germari is recognizable by the light brown part on the head. The similarity with Metopia is clear. However, they have less hard bristles on the abdomen. 
They are parasites of nesting wasps like Digger Wasps (Sphecidae)
.
Photos 12-7-2012.

 

Sciomyzidae 
It has got this name snail-killer because the larvae parasite on snails and slugs. You can find all Dutch Sciomyzidae on "Waarneming".

Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae.

Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae.

Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae.

Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae. Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae.

In the Netherlands there are many very similar species of this family. Tetanocera arrogans, T. elata, T. ferruginea, T. freyi, T. fuscinervis, T. hyalipennis, T. montana, T. phyllophora, T. punctifrons, T. robusta, T. silvatica.
They sometimes look similar on the flies of the family Scathophaga. But they are less hairy.

Some photos I 've taken.
Photos 4-7-2011, 25-4-2011, 23-4-2011, 27-9-2011

Marsh fly, snail-killer spec, Tetanocera spec. Family Sciomyzidae. Couple Photo 24-4-2011

Tetanocera ferruginea. Family Sciomyzidae. Coremacera marginata. Family Sciomyzidae.
Tetanocera ferruginea. Family Sciomyzidae. Tetanocera ferruginea. Family Sciomyzidae. Tetanocera ferruginea. Family Sciomyzidae.

Ths brown snail killer could be identified. On a rotten apple.
Foto's 5-10-2012.i
Coremacera marginata. Family Sciomyzidae.  Coremacera marginata. Family Sciomyzidae.

A marsh fly with a greyish thorax and dark-greyish wings with many light-greyish spots.
Length 7 - 10 mm. May - October.
Europe - Near East. Photos 24-9-2012.

Dichetophora obliterata. Family Sciomyzidae.   Elgiva solicita. Family Sciomyzidae.
Dichetophora obliterata. Family Sciomyzidae. Dichetophora obliterata. Family Sciomyzidae. Dichetophora obliterata. Family Sciomyzidae.

The  are yellow and red. The thorax is grey, the wings with many light-greyish spots. Length about 7 mm.  Photos 27-8-2013.

Elgiva solicita. Family Sciomyzidae. Elgiva solicita. Family Sciomyzidae.  Elgiva solicita. Family Sciomyzidae.

It looks like the Tentanocera. In the Netherlands, there are two species. The other species is Elgiva cucularia. Photo 12-04-2011.

Hydromya dorsalis. Family Sciomyzidae.   Sepedon sphegea. Familie Slakkendoders (Sciomyzidae).
Hydromya dorsalis. Family Sciomyzidae.  Hydromya dorsalis. Family Sciomyzidae. Hydromya dorsalis. Family Sciomyzidae.

Small and if you compare this fly with the other Sciomyzidae the gray stripes on the back are striking . Photos 24-5-2013. On the flowers of Garlic-mustard.

Sepedon sphegea. Familie Slakkendoders (Sciomyzidae). Sepedon sphegea. Family Sciomyzidae. (In the dunes)

The head, thorax and abdomen are dark grey, blackish. De femurs are orange red. Length 8 - 11 mm. April - October. Photos 7-10-2013.
 Sepedon spinipes. Family Sciomyzidae. Trypetoptera punctulata. Family Sciomyzidae.
 Sepedon spinipes. Family Sciomyzidae.  Sepedon spinipes. Family Sciomyzidae. Sepedon spinipes. Family Sciomyzidae.

Spinipes because it has spines on the thighs. A much slimmer fly than the Tetanocera. Length about 8 mm. Photos 04-04-2011, 19-4-2013.
 
Trypetoptera punctulata. Family Sciomyzidae. Trypetoptera punctulata. Family Sciomyzidae.

Because of the patterned wings is often thought that it is a peacock fly. Length 6-7 mm. May - October. Palearctic. Photos 19-6-2014.

Horse-flies, gadflies ( Tabanidae).
In our garden we almost never see a gadfly. The fly feeds on nectar and pollen. The female sticks and then sucks blood from humans and animals. It needs blood for the eggs to develop. The  larvae are aquatic, semi-aquatic or terrestrial and feed on other invertebrates such as worms, snails and other Diptera larvae, including their own species. (translated text Pjotr​​ Oosterbroek) There are about 38 species in the Netherlands. A link to the species on waarneming.                  

Large marsh horsefly (Tabanus autumnalis). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Large marsh horsefly (Tabanus autumnalis). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Large marsh horsefly (Tabanus autumnalis). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Large marsh horsefly (Tabanus autumnalis). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Large marsh horsefly (Tabanus autumnalis). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

A large gray fly. On the abdomen are light triangular spots. But more horse-flies have triangular spots. The sharp mouth parts are visible in the left pictures. A horse-fly has no arista on the antenna.
It looks like the band-eyed brown horsefly (T. bromius) and pale giant horse-fly (T. bovinus). 
Length about 20 mm. 
April - September. 
Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Western Asia.


Photos 29-6-2012.

Horse Fly (Haematopota). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Horse Fly (Haematopota). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Horse Fly (Haematopota). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Horse Fly (Haematopota). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

In the Netherlands there are several similar species. Haematopota crassicornis, Common Horse Fly or Notch-horned Cleg Fly (Haematopota pluvialis), Haematopota subcylindrica, Haematopota italica. Rarer: Haematopota scutellata and Haematopota bigoti.

Already the second horse fly in the garden this year. I was stabbed twice in my arm. An hour later I saw it in the scullery. I could take a picture before it flew away. A week later I was stabled in my leg. I've taken a photo of this horse fly.
This horse fly is identifiable by the zigzag lines on the brightly coloured eyes and the spotted pattern on the wings. Those wings are folded roof-shaped over the body. 
The length of this horse fly was about 11 mm.

Photo 9-8-2012, 18-8-2012.

Twin-lobed deerfly (Chrysops relictus). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

 

Twin-lobed deerfly (Chrysops relictus). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female.

Twin-lobed deerfly (Chrysops relictus). Family Horse-flies, gadflies (Tabanidae). Female. Not in the garden but in the dunes abou 4 km from my house.

After having buzzed a while around my head it was looking for a place on my finger to suck blood. Some blood for some photographs of this beautiful horse fly. A good deal. 
It  has shiny blue-green eyes containing purple spots. The abdomen is yellowish brown with black bands. The wings are partially black, and can not be folded over each other.
Often in wet heathland areas. The larvae live in decaying vegetation in humid circumstances. They eat other larvae.
Length 9 - 14  mm.
May - September. Europe.  Photos 3-9-2013.

German: Goldaugenbremse.

Stiletto flies (Therevidae)
They are mostly hairy flies.

 

Common stiletto fly (Thereva nobilitata). female Family Therevidae.

 

Common stiletto fly (Thereva nobilitata). female Family Therevidae.

Common stiletto fly (Thereva nobilitata). Family Therevidae.

From this family, there are many small species. The Common stiletto fly is larger. But there there are similar species. It is not quite sure.
The English name refers to the narrow, tapering abdomens. The dense short golden hair looks like felt. (Dutch name translated: felt fly) Between the eyes of the female are two dark spots.
Length 10 - 13 mm.
May - September
Female. Photos 30-6-2012.

Gewone viltvlieg (Thereva nobilitata) mannetje  Gewone viltvlieg (Thereva nobilitata) mannetje The male. Photos 19-6-2010.

Ulidiidae
The wings have a pattern of spots or a spot at the top of the wing. 

Seioptera vibrans 

Seioptera vibrans 

Seioptera vibrans Family Ulidiidae Seioptera vibrans. Family Ulidiidae.

A shiny dark fly with a prominent spot on the wings. He looks like a Lesser dung fly.
As a l
you can find the larvae in manure and decaying material.

Length 5 to 6 mm.
May-September.

Photos 3-7-2010.

 

Entomophthoraceae

Entomophthora cf muscae. cf: very probably but there are more species of Entomophthora. Familie Entomophthoraceae. Entomophthora cf muscae. cf: very probably but there are more species of Entomophthora. Familie Entomophthoraceae.

With countless enemies flies don't have an easy life. This fungus is also deadly. I placed it on the fly page, because many people think that it is a special kind of fly with these white bands.
All kinds of flies can suffer from it. This is a Phaonia family house flies (Muscidae). The Dungfly (Scathophaga) you also frequently see with this fungus.

The fungus grows also inside the fly. If it reaches the brains, it affects the behavior of the fly. Shortly before its death the fly crawls to a high point. As a result, the spores can be better spread. The belly (abdomen) swells, the legs and wings are spread. Around the abdomen, you see the white bands.

A site that explains the construction of a fly: ento.csiro.au/biology/fly/  (click on atlas)

A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari
www.anthomyiidae.nl/ A site about Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae) by Joke van Erkelens.
Informatie about flies: 
http://www.diptera.info/news.php
Informatie about wasps and bees:  http://www.forum.hymis.de

I want to thank everyone, who has helped me (waarneming.nl) to identify. In particular, Joke van Erkelens, Robert Heemskerk, Mark van Veen, Gerard Pennards, Niels-Jan Dek and Han Endt. With the determination of Tachinidae I have had much help from Theo Zeegers and Chris Raper. (On diptera)

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