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Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs"  True bugs (Pentatomoidea),    Plantbugs (Miridae)  Seed bugs (Lygaeidae),     Cicadas

To the Dutch website / Naar de Nederlandse website.Nederlands / Dutch

                                                              True bugs (Hemiptera) in the garden.

Information about bugs:

True bugs can be found both in and on water and on land. They also have a sucking mouthparts known as a rostrum. With this rostum they suck juices from all kinds. That can bee plants and seeds, but also insects and other animals. They belong to the order Hemiptera like aphids and cicadas.
The true bugs have forewings that are hardened at the base and membranous at the tips. They sit flat over the abdomen hiding the membranous hind wings. Hemiptera means “half wing.  They are held flat on the back, with the ends overlapping. (Hardened forewings like the beetles have, but the forewings of beetles meet together in a straight line on their back)   
The larva (nymph) resembles a miniature wingless adult, although their colour and markings may be very different. The nymphs  progress through a series of moults (known as instars) . The wings are developed in the last instar. ( incomplete metamorphosis, there is not a pupal stage). There are five instars.
In and near water, these families are on this website: Corixidae, Gerridae, Hydrometridae, Nepidae, Naucoridae, Notonectidae, Saldidae.
There are many families . Well known is the superfamily shield bugs - Pentatomoidea, which is divided into 14-15 families. Such as the family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae), the family Acanthosomatidae, the family Burrower Bugs (Cydnidae) and the family Jewel bugs (Scutelleridae).
Other true bugs families on this website are: Minute pirate bugs, Flower bugs ( Anthocoridae ) , Squash bugs, Leaf-footed bug ( Coreidae ) , Seed bugs, Ground bugs ( Lygaeidae ) , Plant bugs ( Miridae ) , Nabidae , Scentless plant bugs ( Rhopalidae ) , Reduviidae , Lace bugs (Tingidae ) .

I have made subpages of some families. On this page I have placed a photo of one species of the family and a link.

Common pond skater (Gerris lacustris) Family Gerridae.

Common pond skater (Gerris lacustris) Family Gerridae.

Green Shieldbug (Palomena prasina). Family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). Subfamily Pentatomoidea

Green Shieldbug (Palomena prasina). Family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). Subfamily Pentatomoidea

More information about "water bugs": Subpage "Water bugs". More information about subfamily true bugs (Pentatomoidea) on my site: Subpage true bugs (Pentatomoidea).
Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus). Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

   

Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Closely related to True bugs:Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

More information about plantbugs (Miridae) on my site: Subpage plantbugs (Miridae) More information about cicadas on my site: Subpage Cicadas.   
Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Scolopostethus affinis

1. Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Subfamily Ischnorhynchinae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 
2.
Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae.
Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

More information about seed bugs, groundbugs (Lygaeidae) on my site: Subpage seed bugs, ground bugs (Lygaeidae)

Squash Bugs, Leaffooted Bugs (Coreidae).
Elongated oval brown bugs. The abdomen has a clear edge. They are herbivores. In other parts of the world (especially the tropics) there are many more species. These can be large and are called 
Leaffooted bugs because the shins of the hind leg are often widened. Like the Leptoglossus occidentalis. But that bug isn't originally from Europe.

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus)

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus)

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus) 

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus) Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae).

A striking brown bug with a broad oval abdomen. It looks like the Arma custos. But it is easily recognized by the dark tips of the antennae.
The dock leaf bug is a plant eater. He sucks the juices from plants and fruit. The picture was taken on May 5, 2010. It is sitting on the leaf of a berry bush. It seems to prefer to dock and knotweed.
It can defend it selves by spreading a smelly brown liquid. Both nymphs and adults overwinter.
Length 12 to 15 mm. Europe, North America.

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Nymph. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Nymph. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). Photos 19-8-2013. Two nymphs, different instars.

German: Lederwanze, Große Randwanze, Saumwanze French: punaise brunecorée marginée  

Gonocerus acuteangulatus

Gonocerus acuteangulatu  nymph

Gonocerus acuteangulatu  nymph

Gonocerus acuteangulatus

Gonocerus acuteangulatus. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

The adult bug is similar to the Dock leaf bug. But it has narrower abdomen. The pale legs are also slim.
It has different foodplants.
Adults can be found throughout the year. The adult bugs overwinter in leaf litter.
Length 11 - 14 mm.

Central Asia, Europe.  Originally in the Mediterranean.


Nymph: Photo 12-7-2010 Adult: Photo 2-6-2011

Coriomeris denticulatus. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

 

Coriomeris denticulatus. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

Coriomeris denticulatus. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A small brown squash bug. Pronotum, legs and antennae are bristly. On the side of the pronotum are spines.

Food Plants: Legumes like black medic (Medicago lupulina), sweet clover (Melilotus), clovers. On calcareous or sandy soil, like here in the dunes.
Adults can be found throughout the year. Length 7 - 9 mm.
 
Europe. 

Photos 13-5-2014.

Western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

Western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

Western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

Western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

Native in North America west of the Rocky Mountains. It has spread now to the east coast. In 1999, for the first time it was discovered in Europe in northern Italy and since that time it has spread in Europe. (France, Germany in 2006 Great Britain, Belgium, the Netherlands 2007) 
The shins of the hind legs are widened. The top is reddish brown. In the middle of the elytra runs a small white zigzag nark (sometimes less visible) 
The bug sucks seeds and flowers of signal trees. Mostly pine but also spruce like the Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), white spruce (Picea glauca). In America it is a pest of conifer seed nurseries. In Europe, I think there are no problems. 
It hibernates and is often found in hauses. My wife found this bug in the hallway. To my great joy, because this was the first time I saw it in real. 
Length 15 to 20 mm.
Foto's 26-10-2014.  German: Amerikanische Kiefern, Zapfenwanze. French: Punaise américaine du pin

Assassin bugs (Reduviidae).
They are slender predatory bugs with a very small head and a solid, short, curved rostrum. They are all over the world and they often have striking (red) colours.

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Assassin bugs (Reduviidae).

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Assassin bugs (Reduviidae).

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Assassin bugs (Reduviidae).

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Assassin bugs (Reduviidae).

A brown to black predatory bug. It looks a bit like a large predatory fly, for a large part of the forewings is transparent and the head is small. It hunts all kinds of insects. It don't feed on human bled, but it can bite in self-defence. (It hurts like a bee sting)
It hunts at night and hides during the day. It is attracted to light and is also found in houses. (like the bug on the photo)
The eggs overwinter. The nymph has sticky hairs. It covers it selves with dust, sand etc. It is well camouflaged. They are just like the adult bug predators. They hide to catch the prey.
Length 15-18 mm.
Native to Europe and North Asia. Now also in North and South America and Australia.

Photos 7-7-2013. 

Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).
In many species, the corium (the thickened, leathery, basal portion of an insect forewing) is transparent. Plant foods. They are lacking well-developed scent glands. On the head ate two ocelli.

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. Tribe Rhopalini. Subfamily Rhopalinae. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

A small bug sitting on the watering-can (June 2008)
It is a rather hairy bug.
Some are brightly colored, others drab or dark.
Rhopalus subrufus is often found on low vegetation in scrubby areas. (on many plants)
The adults hibernate. Length: 7 mm.
Photos 18-4-2011, 23-4-2011, 18-9-2011.

Rhopalus subrufus. nymph Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. nymph Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).                       Rhopalus subrufus. In love Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. In love Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 
Nymph Rhopalus subrufus  (August)                      In love, 14-5-2010, 6-6-2012.

Corizus hyoscyami.  Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Corizus hyoscyami.  Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Corizus hyoscyami. Tribe Rhopalini. Subfamily Rhopalinae. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

A difference with the Firebug is that the Corizus hyoscyami  is black on its head. It is hairy and the wing membrane has much veins.
You can find them on a range plants (like Verbascum). It prefers sandy areas with lots of sun. 
Length 9 - 11 mm. 
For predators it tastes not good.
The adult bug overwinters. In May there are nymphs, which mature in September. So you see them all year.

Photos 6-10-2012. For the first time in our garden.

Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).
Anthocoridae: Greek words anthos "flower" and Koris "bug. You can see they indeed regularly on flowers looking for prey, because they are predatory bugs. They are small, somewhat flat bugs. Often black or black with white and brown.

Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).

It's a predator bug. It feeds on  aphids, mites, insect eggs and other insects. It can also suck plant sap, but cannot live without insects. 
The forewings are glossy. The scutellum. pronotum and head are black. The second and third segment, for the most part light brown with a dark top. The first and last segments are black.
The adults hibernate.
Length 3,5-4 mm.
 
They are used as biological pest control. More information.

Nymph. Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum). Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).  Nymph Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum) stadium 5

Anthocoris nemoralis. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).

Anthocoris nemoralis. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).
Anthocoris nemoralis. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). Anthocoris nemoralis. Family Pirate bugs ( Anthocoridae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

It's a predator bug.
Anthocoris nemoralis is very similar to the in the Netherlands rarer Anthocoris butleri.
Anthocoris butleri survives only as Buxus predator of the Psylla buxi. Adult bugs can also be found on other plants. In the dunes however are no boxwood plants nearby. 
The forewings are compared with the Anthocoris nemorum darker and has a different pattern on the membrane. They are also less glossy in some places. The first antenna segment is dark. The second antenna segment is pale at the base.
Length. 3,5 - 4 mm.

The adults hibernate.

Photos 31-3-2014.

Anthocoris confusus. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). 

Anthocoris confusus. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). 

Anthocoris confusus. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).  Anthocoris confusus. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). 

It's a predator bug.
Anthocoris confusus is similar to Anthocoris nemorum and Anthocoris nemoralis.
The lower part of the second antenna segment for the greatest part light brown. The front wings are darker than the Anthocoris nemorum. It also has a slightly different pattern on the membrane.
Anthocoris confusus lives in deciduous trees. (Here in a shrub)
Length. 3,5 - 4 mm.

The adults hibernate.

Photos 9-5-2014.

Temnostethus gracilis. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).  Temnostethus gracilis. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).  Temnostethus gracilis. Family Pirate bugs ( Anthocoridae). 

Like the Orius it's a very small bug. A predator bug. They are usually (not always) brachypterous. 
On the wings is a white spot. Furthermore, the body is dark. The shins and tarsus of the legs are light brown. Of the dark antenna is the second antenna segment partely light brown. 

Length: 2 - 2,5 mm

All year.
Photos 17-9-2013.  
Flower bug, Orius spec. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae). 

Nymph Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips. 

Nymph Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips. 

Flower bug, Orius spec. Family Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae).  Flower bug, Orius spec. Family Pirate bugs ( Anthocoridae). 

This predator bug is similar to the Common flower bug but much smaller.
I find both species on Common Ragwort.

Fower bugs  are also used as biological pest control. Especially thrips. They also feed on spider mites and aphids, insect eggs and some times pollen.. 
Length: 2-3 mm

The adults hibernate.

Photo left below 21-7-2012.: Nymph Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips. 

 

Nabidae.
They are predatory bugs and look  like small bugs of the family Reduviidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides. Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae).

The adult bug is similar to a Himacerus apterus. But this bug has long antennae. The Himacerus mirmicoides its feelers are shorter or as long as the body. Usually they have short wings, but sometimes the wings are fully developed.
They are predatory bugs. 
They hibernate as adults. In July, August, you can find the larvae.
Photos adult dark bug (female) May 24 2009. Light brown adult bug: August and September 2010.

German:  Ameisensichelwanze.  

 

Himacerus mirmicoides, nymph Family Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides, nymph Family Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides, nymph Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides.  Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Nymph.

On the photo the nymph is looking for a prey. (all kinds of insects)

 

Himacerus apterus. Family Nabidae. nymph Himacerus apterus. Family Nabidae. nymph Himacerus apterus. Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

In the dunes I saw this nymph Himacerus apterus. The differences with the nymph Himacerus mirmicoides are clear. It looks a lot more like the adult bug. 
The eggs overwinter. The eggs are laid in late summer. 
Length  8-11 mm. 
July - October. 
Europe, Asia. 
Photos 17-7-2014.

 

Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Family Nabidae.

Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Family Nabidae.

Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Family Nabidae.

Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Family Nabidae. Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Subfamily Nabinae. Family Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A bug with dark brown wings. The wings often just don't reach the end of the abdomen.
They overwinter as an adult bug. You can find them on the heath.
Length 6.5 - 7 mm.
The whole year.
Photos 20-4-2015,
21-4-2015.

Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Subfamily Nabinae. Family Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Heath Damsel Bug (Nabis ericetorum). Subfamily Nabinae. Family Damsel bugs (Nabidae).  

 

Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae.

Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae.

Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae. Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae).

Very similar to the Nabis pseudoferus. Difference: The genitals and the hairs at the apex of the corium. 
They are both gray-brown in color and the pronotum is wider than long. 
Length 8.9 mm.
They are predatory bugs. They feed on all kinds of insects.
They overwinter as adult wants between the fallen leaves. I found this Nabis on March 3 in a shell of a horse chestnut. On the first  photo there is also a rove beetle (stenus). 
Eggs in May, June in the grass. 

Photos 3-3-2009.

German:  Rotbeinige Baumwanze 

Nabis limbatus. Family Nabidae.

Nabis, nymph. Familie Nabidae.

Nabis limbatus. Family Nabidae. Nabis limbatus. Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

This species has very small wings and is therefore difficult to distinguish from a nymph 5th instar. The last picture is of a nymph. It is not certain it's this species, but because it was found in the same place it is likely. The females have broad abdomen. The males are smaller.
Similar species are the Nabis lineatus (The females are smaller and they are slightly larger) and the Nabis flavomarginatus, which has longer wings.
The eggs overwinter.
Length 7-9 mm.
June - October. Central and Northern Europe.
Photos 3-9-2013, 16-9-2013.

 

Nabis rugosus. Family Nabidae.

 

Nabis rugosus. Family Nabidae. Nabis rugosus. Subfamily Nabinae. Damsel bugs (Nabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A red  brown bug with pale brown wings. The forewings are often shorter than the abdomen. If they are longer, it is very similar to the Nabis ferus and the Nabis pseudoferus. 
They overwinter as adult bug. In May, the eggs are laid on blades of grass. 
Length 6,5 - 7,5 mm.
The whole year. Europ, Central Asia.
Photos 13-5-2014.

 

Lace bugs (Tingidae).
lace bugs because the pronotum and forewings of the adult have a network of divided areas that resemble lace.

Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae).

The forwings of the Derephysia foliacea have along the edge a single row of  large meshes. It is a small brown bug. The bug in the picture is damaged. This I noticed when I looked at the picture. So small they are. 
Host: ivy. 
You can find them all year.
Length 3 - 3,5 mm.
Europe, North-Afrika. Now it is also recorded from North America.
Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae).

The Stephanitis takeyai is introduced in Europe and the USA from Japan with the host Pieris japonica. Now it is found in gardens and parks (also increasingly on Rhododendron).
Shiny whity, lacy wings with a dark spot. It resembles the native Stephanitis Oberti, which lives on rhododendron and bilberry, but which does not have a large rounded, dark-coloured pronotum.
Eggs are laid along the midrib on the underside of the leaf.
Especially the big Pieris japonica can be damaged by both the nymph and the adult wants. They damage the leaves by piercing them to suck the juices. Plants in full sun have the worst damage. 
The eggs overwinter. June - October. Two generations.
Length 3 - 4 mm.
Photos 18-9-2012.
Dictyla echii. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae).

 

Dictyla echii. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Dictyla echii. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

Head and pronotum are black. Near the head and on the sides the pronotum is light brown. The brown antennae have a dark last segment. Brown legs but the upper part of the thighs is black. On the pronotum are three keels. The middle keel reaches the head, the other two are shorter.
The wings are light brown with dark markings .
Host Plants: Blueweed, Anchusa, Comfrey and other species of the Borage family (Boraginaceae). 
The adult bugs overwinter . Throughout the year 
Length about 3,5 mm. Europe, North Africa.
Photo 6-5-2014.  

Stilt bugs (Berytidae).
Slender bugs, with long thin legs. The end of the thighs and antenna segments are often thickened.

Berytinus minor. Family Stilt bugs (Berytidae).

Berytinus minor. Family Stilt bugs (Berytidae).

Berytinus minor. Family Stilt bugs (Berytidae). Berytinus minor. Family Stilt bugs (Berytidae).

A slender pale brown bug.
The end of both the first segment and the last segment antenna are thickened and dark. The second antenna segment is very short. The end of the rear thigh is dark. The head is shorter than the pronotum.
Berytinus minor looks like Berytinus ceassipes. At Berytinus ceassipes is the end of all thighs dark and have the head and neck shield about the same length.
They feed on restharrow, clover.
The adults overwinter. The whole year. 
Length 5 - 7 mm.
Photos 23-4-2014.

I want to thank Berend Aukema for the determination of many of my bugs.

A German site about bugs:  www.koleopterologie.de. A Danish site: www.miridae.dk  I've got much information from the British site: www.britishbugs.org.uk
Small cicadas: gallery.kunzweb.net
A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari

Nederlands / Dutch                                                                           

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
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autumn
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links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
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bugs
Insects other
 
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England1        2 
France1          2
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
 
 
 

Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),   Plantbugs (Miridae),    Seed bugs ( Lygaeidar),      Cicadas   
Subpage France:  Insects France   With many other bugs!!!

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