bugs

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Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),    Plantbugs, Miridae,   Cicadas

To the Dutch website / Naar de Nederlandse website.Nederlands / Dutch

                                                              True bugs (Hemiptera) in the garden.

Information about bugs:

True bugs can be found both in and on water and on land. They also have a sucking mouthparts known as a rostrum. With this rostum they suck juices from all kinds. That can bee plants and seeds, but also insects and other animals. They belong to the order Hemiptera like aphids and cicadas.
The true bugs have forewings that are hardened at the base and membranous at the tips. They sit flat over the abdomen hiding the membranous hind wings. Hemiptera means “half wing.  They are held flat on the back, with the ends overlapping. (Hardened forewings like the beetles have, but the forewings of beetles meet together in a straight line on their back)   
The larva (nymph) resembles a miniature wingless adult, although their colour and markings may be very different. The nymphs  progress through a series of moults (known as instars) . The wings are developed in the last instar. ( incomplete metamorphosis, there is not a pupal stage). There are five instars.
In and near water, these families are on this website: Corixidae, Gerridae, Hydrometridae, Nepidae, Naucoridae, Notonectidae, Saldidae.
There are many families . Well known is the superfamily shield bugs - Pentatomoidea, which is divided into 14-15 families. Such as the family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae), the family Acanthosomatidae, the family Burrower Bugs (Cydnidae) and the family Jewel bugs (Scutelleridae).
Other true bugs families on this website are: Minute pirate bugs, Flower bugs ( Anthocoridae ) , Squash bugs, Leaf-footed bug ( Coreidae ) , Seed bugs, Ground bugs ( Lygaeidae ) , Plant bugs ( Miridae ) , Nabidae , Scentless plant bugs ( Rhopalidae ) , Reduviidae , Lace bugs (Tingidae ) .

I have made subpages of some families. On this page I have placed a photo of one species of the family and a link.

Common pond skater (Gerris lacustris) Family Gerridae.

Common pond skater (Gerris lacustris) Family Gerridae.

Gerris lacustris is the most common in the Netherlands. A predominantly yellow front thigh with only a black stripe along the side edge. The wings are often half developed. Other species you can find in the pond are G. odontogaster and G. argentatus. They have almost entirely black front legs. 
Females lay eggs in May. The eggs take around 12-14 days to develop. The adults hibernate.

Green Shieldbug (Palomena prasina). Family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). Subfamily Pentatomoidea

Green Shieldbug (Palomena prasina). Family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). Subfamily Pentatomoidea

A very common shield bug. A green bug. The 4th and 5th segments of the antennae are partially reddish. I find them in many different plants, shrubs, trees.
They resemble the Nezara viridula. This bug has a pale wing membrane. The wing membrane of Newly-emerged adults green stink is pale too. Adult: All year. Length 12-14 mm. Palearctic

More information about "water bugs": Subpage "Water bugs". More information about subfamily true bugs (Pentatomoidea) on my site: Subpage true bugs (Pentatomoidea).
Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus). Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

They occur of course on the nettle, but also on other plants. I have read the bug can be a pest of agriculture and in greenhouses. For plants as blackberry bushes, raspberry, cucumber, paprika, gerbera, Chrysanthemums. Still it is a beautiful little plant bug.
Length 3,5-5 mm. The adults hibernate.
German:  Gepunktete Nesselwanze.    

Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Closely related to True bugs:Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A beautiful cicada with yellow legs and abdomen. The wings are green with two red longitudinal stripes. You can find them on the rhododendrons. It originates from Northern America. Around 1930 it has been introduced to Great Britain. Afterwards it has spread  in thirty years widely throughout Europe. Length 8-9 mm. July - November. German:  Rhododendronzikade.  French: Cicadelle du rhododendron.

More information about plantbugs (Miridae) on my site: Subpage plantbugs, Miridae More information about cicadas on my site: Subpage Cicadas.   

Squash Bugs, Leaffooted Bugs (Coreidae)

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus)

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus)

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus) 

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus) Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae).

A striking brown bug with a broad oval abdomen. It looks like the Arma custos. But it is easily recognized by the dark tips of the antennae.
The dock leaf bug is a plant eater. He sucks the juices from plants and fruit. The picture was taken on May 5, 2010. It is sitting on the leaf of a berry bush. It seems to prefer to dock and knotweed.
It can defend it selves by spreading a smelly brown liquid. Both nymphs and adults overwinter.
Length 12 to 15 mm. Europe, North America.

Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Nymph. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). Dock leaf bug, brown squash bug (Coreus marginatus). Nymph. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). Photos 19-8-2013. Two nymphs, different instars.

German: Lederwanze, Große Randwanze, Saumwanze French: punaise brunecorée marginée  

Gonocerus acuteangulatus

Gonocerus acuteangulatu  nymph

Gonocerus acuteangulatu  nymph

Gonocerus acuteangulatus

Gonocerus acuteangulatus. Family: Squash bugs, Leaffooted bugs (Coreidae). 

The adult bug is similar to the Dock leaf bug. But it has narrower abdomen. The pale legs are also slim.
It has different foodplants.
Adults can be found throughout the year. The adult bugs overwinter in leaf litter.
Length 11 - 14 mm.

Central Asia, Europe.  Originally in the Mediterranean.


Nymph: Photo 12-7-2010 Adult: Photo 2-6-2011

Reduviidae.

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Reduviidae.

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Reduviidae.

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Reduviidae.

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus). Family: Reduviidae. 

A brown to black predatory bug. It looks a bit like a large predatory fly, for a large part of the forewings is transparent and the head is small. It hunts all kinds of insects. It don't feed on human bled, but it can bite in self-defence. (It hurts like a bee sting)
It hunts at night and hides during the day. It is attracted to light and is also found in houses. (like the bug on the photo)
The eggs overwinter. The nymph has sticky hairs. It covers it selves with dust, sand etc. It is well camouflaged. They are just like the adult bug predators. They hide to catch the prey.
Length 15-18 mm.
Native to Europe and North Asia. Now also in North and South America and Australia.

Photos 7-7-2013. 

Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)  
It is a large family.
Groundbugs often live on the ground and have dark colours.

Beosus maritimus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Beosus maritimus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Beosus maritimus

A brown bug with distinctive white spots on the dark cuneus. On the dark scutellum are two elongated light spots. Pale brown legs with a dark part. The fourth dark segment of the antenna is on the base light.

They occur mainly on sandy soils. Here it is on our terrace.
Adults overwinter.

Adult: All year.
Length 6-7 mm.

Photos 11-04-2014.

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) 

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) 

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) Drymus ryeii. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Drymus sylvaticus is similar. It is a dark bug. When the sun is shining on the bug you see also brown. During the shooting they run away, but mostly they don't fly away.

Adult: All year.
Length 4-5 mm.

Photos 26-10-2011 Photo left under 13-4-2008

Drymus brunneus. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Drymus brunneus. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Drymus brunneus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

I thought it was another Drymus ryeii, because I see them often. Fortunately I have taken some pictures. It is a different species. A small bug like Drymus brunneus is not so easy to recognize.
If you look at the picture, you see clear differences. The shin and the top part of the antenna are light brown.

Adult: All year.
Length 4-5 mm.

Photos 24-03-2012.

nymph  Drymus. (Drymus spec.)     nymph  Drymus. (Drymus spec.)    The nymph, I found is a Drymus. (Drymus spec.)     

Photo 19-9-2008 

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).   

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

There are many in our garden. A beautiful small brown bug. They hibernate as adult.
Length: 4-6 mm. All the year.
It is similar to the Kleidocerys ericae. Near heather.  
 
Nymph Kleidocerys resedae, different stadium. March - September. They feed on seeds of the birch..

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 
Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). From nymph to adult. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

German: Birkenwanze.
   

Stygnocoris sabulosus Stygnocoris sabulosus Stygnocoris sabulosus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Stygnocoris species are small. The forwings are covered with small hairs. Stygnocoris sabulosus looks like the S. fuligineus. But it has pale legs and antennae. The last segment of the antenna is dark. 

Particularly on dry, sandy areas.
The eggs overwinters and hatch in the spring. Most ground bugs hibernate as adults.

Length 2,5 - 3 mm.
August - October.

Photo 17-10-2010

Scolopostethus pictus  Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

Scolopostethus pictus  Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

 

Scolopostethus pictus  Scolopostethus pictus.  Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

In the Netherlands there are a number of species, which are similar. The differences are small. (colour of antennae, legs and wing length.) This species always has  long wings. The antennae and legs are light brown. The thighs of the legs are very thick.
They often are found in damp places, between the leaves and moss on the ground.
The adults hibernate. (Photo 2-11-09) They reproduce in the spring. In July, August, the next generation appears. Length 4 to 5 mm
It is found throughout Europe.

Similar species: S. affinis, S. decoratus, S. grandis, S. pilosus, S. puberulus, S. thomsoni.

Left:
Photos 9-2-2011.

 

Scolopostethus-affinis-3-22-9-2010.jpg (57433 bytes)

 

 

Scolopostethus affinis Scolopostethus affinis. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus affinis often has short wings. But they can also be fully developed like the wings of this little bug. The antennae are light brown (1st, 2nd segments) and dark brown (3rd, 4th segments).
They are often among leaf litter and near nettles.
The adult bug overwinters. In July, August, the next generation. Length 4 to 5 mm
It is found throughout Europe.

Photo 22-09-2010.

Scolopostethus affinis Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)
This bug has short wings. Photo: 14-6-2011.

 

Scolopostethus nimf Nimph Scolopostethus. Photo 21-7-2011. 

Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae) 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

A small bug sitting on the watering-can (June 2008)
It is a rather hairy bug.
Some are brightly colored, others drab or dark.
Rhopalus subrufus is often found on low vegetation in scrubby areas. (on many plants)
The adults hibernate. Length: 7 mm.
Photos 18-4-2011, 23-4-2011, 18-9-2011.

Rhopalus subrufus. nymph Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. nymph Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).                       Rhopalus subrufus. In love Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Rhopalus subrufus. In love Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 
Nymph Rhopalus subrufus  (August)                      In love, 14-5-2010, 6-6-2012.

Corizus hyoscyami.  Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

Corizus hyoscyami.  Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae).  Corizus hyoscyami.  Family Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae). 

A difference with the Firebug is that the Corizus hyoscyami  is black on its head. It is hairy and the wing membrane has much veins.
You can find them on a range plants (like Verbascum). It prefers sandy areas with lots of sun. 
Length 9 - 11 mm. 
For predators it tastes not good.
The adult bug overwinters. In May there are nymphs, which mature in September. So you see them all year.

Photos 6-10-2012. For the first time in our garden.

Pirate bugs (Anthocoridae)

Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs). Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). Family Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

It's a predator bug. It feeds on  aphids, mites, insect eggs and other insects. It can also suck plant sap, but cannot live without insects. 
The forewings are glossy. The scutellum. pronotum and head are black. The second and third segment, for the most part light brown with a dark top. The first and last segments are black.
The adults hibernate.
Length 3,5-4 mm.
 
They are used as biological pest control. More information.

Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum). nymph. Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).  Nymph Common flower bug (Anthocoris Nemorum) stadium 5

Anthocoris Nemoralis. Family Anthocoridae.

Anthocoris Nemoralis. Family Anthocoridae.
Anthocoris Nemoralis. Family Anthocoridae. Anthocoris Nemoralis. Family Anthocoridae. Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

It's a predator bug.
Anthocoris nemoralis is very similar to the in the Netherlands rarer Anthocoris butleri.
Anthocoris butleri survives only as Buxus predator of the Psylla buxi. Adult bugs can also be found on other plants. In the dunes however are no boxwood plants nearby. 
The forewings are compared with the Anthocoris nemorum darker and has a different pattern on the membrane. They are also less glossy in some places. The first antenna segment is dark. The second antenna segment is pale at the base.
Length. 3,5 - 4 mm

The adults hibernate.

Photos 31-3-2014.

Temnostethus gracilis. Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs). Temnostethus gracilis. Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs). Temnostethus gracilis. Family Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

Like the Orius it's a very small bug. A predator bug. They are usually (not always) brachypterous. 
On the wings is a white spot. Furthermore, the body is dark. The shins and tarsus of the legs are light brown. Of the dark antenna is the second antenna segment partely light brown. 

Length: 2 - 2,5 mm

All year.
Photos 17-9-2013.  
Flower bug, Orius spec. Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

Photo left below 21-7-2012.: Nymph  Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips.

Photo left below 21-7-2012.: Nymph  Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips.

Flower bug, Orius spec. Family: Anthocoridae (pirate bugs). Flower bug, Orius spec. Family Anthocoridae (pirate bugs).

This predator bug is similar to the Common flower bug but much smaller.
I find both species on Common Ragwort.

Fower bugs  are also used as biological pest control. Especially thrips. They also feed on spider mites and aphids, insect eggs and some times pollen.. 
Length: 2-3 mm

The adults hibernate.

Photo left below 21-7-2012.: Nymph Flower bug (Orius spec) 5th instar. With its prey, a thrips. 

 

Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides nymph Family Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae.

Himacerus mirmicoides nymph Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides nymph Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides Family Nabidae.  

Himacerus mirmicoides. Family Nabidae.

The adult bug is similar to a Himacerus apterus. But this bug has long antennae. The Himacerus mirmicoides its feelers are shorter or as long as the body. Usually they have short wings, but sometimes the wings are fully developed.
They are predatory bugs. On the photo the nymph is looking for a prey. (all kinds of insects)
They hibernate as adults. In July, August, you can find the larvae.
Photos adult dark bug (female) May 24 2009. Light brown adult bug: August and September 2010.

German:  Ameisensichelwanze.  

 

Himacerus mirmicoides. Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides. Family Nabidae. Himacerus mirmicoides. Family Nabidae.
Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae.

Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae.

Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae. Field Damsel Bug (Nabis Ferus). Family Nabidae.

Very similar to the Nabis pseudoferus. Difference: The genitals and the hairs at the apex of the corium. 
They are both gray-brown in color and the pronotum is wider than long. 
Length 8.9 mm.
They are predatory bugs. They feed on all kinds of insects.
They overwinter as adult wants between the fallen leaves. I found this Nabis on March 3 in a shell of a horse chestnut. On the first  photo there is also a rove beetle (stenus). 
Eggs in May, June in the grass. 

Photos 3-3-2009.

German:  Rotbeinige Baumwanze 

Nabis limbatus. Family Nabidae.

Nabis, nymph. Familie Nabidae.

Nabis limbatus. Family Nabidae. Nabis limbatus. Family Nabidae. Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

This species has very small wings and is therefore difficult to distinguish from a nymph 5th instar. The last picture is of a nymph. It is not certain it's this species, but because it was found in the same place it is likely. The females have broad abdomen. The males are smaller.
Similar species are the Nabis lineatus (The females are smaller and they are slightly larger) and the Nabis flavomarginatus, which has longer wings.
The eggs overwinter.
Length 7-9 mm.
June - October. Central and Northern Europe.
Photos 3-9-2013, 16-9-2013.

 

Lace bugs (Tingidae).
lace bugs because the pronotum and forewings of the adult have a network of divided areas that resemble lace.

Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Derephysia foliacea. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae).

The forwings of the Derephysia foliacea have along the edge a single row of  large meshes. It is a small brown bug. The bug in the picture is damaged. This I noticed when I looked at the picture. So small they are. 
Host: ivy. 
You can find them all year.
Length 3 - 3,5 mm.
Europe, North-Afrika. Now it is also recorded from North America.
Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae). Stephanitis takeyai. Family Lace bugs (Tingidae).

The Stephanitis takeyai is introduced in Europe and the USA from Japan with the host Pieris japonica. Now it is found in gardens and parks (also increasingly on Rhododendron).
Shiny whity, lacy wings with a dark spot. It resembles the native Stephanitis Oberti, which lives on rhododendron and bilberry, but which does not have a large rounded, dark-coloured pronotum.
Eggs are laid along the midrib on the underside of the leaf.
Especially the big Pieris japonica can be damaged by both the nymph and the adult wants. They damage the leaves by piercing them to suck the juices. Plants in full sun have the worst damage. 
The eggs overwinter. June - October. Two generations.
Length 3 - 4 mm.
Photos 18-9-2012.

I want to thank Berend Aukema and for the determination of many of my bugs.

A German site about bugs:  www.koleopterologie.de. A Danish site: www.miridae.dk  A British site: www.britishbugs.org.uk
Small cicadas: gallery.kunzweb.net/
A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari

Nederlands / Dutch                                                                           

garden summer winter dune animals/links beetles wasps/bees   France Scotland  England2
spring summerflowers houseplants     butterflies bugs  hoverflies/1   Ireland Czechia   Spain 
spring'07 autumn euphorbia spiders damsel/dragonflies  flies hoverflies/2   England links  

Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),   Plantbugs, Miridae,   Cicadas   
Subpage France:    Insects France   With many other bugs!!!

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