ichneumon wasps

 

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Parasitica, Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae

Hymenoptera. The bees, bumblebees, ants, wasps and saw flies belong to that order.

Hymenoptera is divided into different subordes. Namely suborder Symphyta (This group has no waist, sawflies) and suborder Apocrita. Apocrita is also divided into two groups. Namely: Parasitica and Aculeta.

Parasitica: wasps or parasitic hymenoptera. The females have an ovipositor, with the ovipositor they lay eggs into or near larvae. These larvae are eaten by the wasp larvae. There are several families.
The largest group are the ichneumon wasp (Ichneumonidae). Other groups are: Braconidae, chalcid wasps (Chalcidoidea), Gasteruptiidae, gall wasps (Cynipoidea) The plant galls develop, when the eggs are laid.  

Aculeata: In this group the ovipositor is is modified into an stinger. With this stinger they can defend themselves (bees) or they can stun a prey.  In this group are also wasps with parasitic larvae. Spider wasps look like ichneumon wasps, but have a sting to stun their hosts. Jewel wasps (Chrysididae) have a sting too.

 

Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae

There are many species in the world. (60.000 species worldwide) Ichneumon wasps are parasitoids of other insects.  Their abdomen is  very elongated and have long antennae (at least 16 segments)
They are solitary. There are many subfamilies. 

Anomaloninae

A small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. A small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae A small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
They are Endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of moths, butterflies and beetles (larvae). They have a slender abdomen.  38 genera. On this photo: on a leaf of a Goldenrod. Photo 7-6-2009.
    
An other small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. An other small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. An other small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae An other small Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Anomaloninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 14-5-2011.    


Banchinae

Banchinae spec. Misschien Banchinae Lissonota. Tribe Banchini. Onderfamilie Banchinae. Familie Gewone sluipwespen. Ichneumonidae.. Banchinae spec. Misschien Banchinae Lissonota. Tribe Banchini. Onderfamilie Banchinae. Familie Gewone sluipwespen. Ichneumonidae. Banchinae spec. Misschien Banchinae Lissonota. Tribe Banchini. Onderfamilie Banchinae. Familie Gewone sluipwespen. Ichneumonidae Banchinae spec. Maybe Banchinae Lissonota. Tribe Banchini. Subfamily Banchinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
On the trunk of a dead apple tree. This is not without danger, because there also lives a Marpissa muscosa  (a large jumping spider).
Photos 12-6-2011.   
Exetastes-F-adpressori. (Probably) Tribe Banchini. Subfamily Banchinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Exetastes-F-adpressori. (Probably) Tribe Banchini. Subfamily Banchinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Exetastes-F-adpressori. (Probably) Tribe Banchini. Subfamily Banchinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
About 10 mm.
Photo: 22-7-2012.    


Campopleginae
 
(Link American Campoplerinae)

Subfamilie Campopleginae. Maybe Casinaria spec. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Subfamilie Campopleginae. Maybe Casinaria spec. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Subfamilie Campopleginae. Maybe Casinaria spec. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Subfamilie Campopleginae. Maybe Casinaria spec. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Gergely:  To my opinion, it is a Casinaria or something closely related in Campopleginae...
     Photos 5-11-2011.  
Dusona spec. Subfamilie Campopleginae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Dusona spec. Subfamilie Campopleginae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 2-6-2012.   

Cryptinae

Stenarella spec. Tribe Cryptini. Subfamily Cryptinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.... Stenarella spec. Tribe Cryptini. Subfamily Cryptinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Stenarella spec. Tribe Cryptini. Subfamily Cryptinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae..
Looks like a female Stenarella sp., domator or closely related. I have specimens from Finland with and without a white ring on the antennae...  Gergely Várkonyi
Stenarella domator on internet don't have white rings on the antenna. Thanks Gergely. Photos 4-6-2011.   


Diplazontinae

Diplazon laetatorius. Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Diplazon laetatorius. Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Diplazon laetatorius. Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Diplazon laetatoriusSubamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A black wasp with orange legs. Cream: scutellum, line along the side of the thorax, the eyes and antennae and bands on the shins of the hind legs. On the shins of the hind legs are also black bands. The lower part of the rear legs is black.
Length about 7 mm. April - October. Diplazon laetatorius lays eggs in the larvae of hoverflies. Photos 4-9-2012.
   
Ichneumon wasp. Probably Syrphophilus tricinctorius.  Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ichneumon wasp. Probably Syrphophilus tricinctorius.  Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Ichneumon wasp. Probably Syrphophilus tricinctorius.  Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon wasp. Probably Syrphophilus tricinctorius. Subamily Diplazontinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
They are small and mobile. You must be lucky, to get a good photo. I always see them in spring. Photos 20-4-2008.
    

Ichneumoninae

More Ichneumon wasps from the subfamily Ichneumoninae from America.

Ichneumon wasp.  Achaius oratorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ichneumon wasp.  Achaius oratorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Ichneumon wasp.  Achaius oratorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A black icheumon wasp  with white bands around the legs and antennae, with a white scutellum and with white spots next to the eyes. Difference male, female. The female has a black face. The face of the male is white.
About 15 mm. June - September. Photos: 23-11-2009.   
Aoplus ochropis. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Aoplus ochropis. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A black icheumon wasp with red legs and a white band around the antennas. Difference male, female: The female has a black face. The face of the male is white. The ovipositor of the female is very short. The bottom of the black scutellem has a red glow, sometimes, the bottom is whitish.
Photo: 5-8-2015.   
Barichneumon anatorius. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Barichneumon anatorius. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photo 11-9-2010.   
Chasmias motatorius. Female. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Chasmias motatorius. Female. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Only one photo and then it was flown away. The first part of the antennas is orange. The middle part is white and the last part is black. The body is black. The scutellum and the end of the abdomen are white. An orange band around the abdomen and orange legs.
Photo 28-9-2014.   
Coelichneumon sinister. male Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. .. Coelichneumon sinister. male Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Coelichneumon sinister. male Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Coelichneumon sinister. male Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 11- 9-2010.   
Coelichneumon sugillatorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Coelichneumon sugillatorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.Coelichneumon sugillatorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Coelichneumon sugillatorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 5-5-2014.  
Cratichneumon. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Cratichneumon. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Cratichneumon. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Comments Camille Thirion: 6-8 mm possible Cratichneumon culex female 7-10 mm Cratichneumon nigritarius or fabricator. 
Photos 14-5-2011    
Crypteffigies lanius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Crypteffigies lanius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Crypteffigies lanius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A small Ichneumon wasp.  Photos 26-4-2011 (Male).
    
 Ichneumon bucculentus. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae...  Ichneumon bucculentus. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae..  Ichneumon bucculentus. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon bucculentus. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon bucculentus. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Male. Photos 9-7-10.     
Ichneumon confusor. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Ichneumon confusor. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Fotos 1-4-2014. 
     
Ichneumon oblongus Probably! Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ichneumon oblongus Probably! Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Ichneumon oblongus Probably! Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. chneumon oblongus Probably! Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon oblongus Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 10-4-2011, 2-7-2012.    
Ichneumon sarcitorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Male... Ichneumon sarcitorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Male.. Ichneumon sarcitorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Male.  Ichneumon sarcitorius. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Male. Photos15-9-2014.    
Ichneumon stramentor. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ichneumon stramentor. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon stramentor. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Photos 2-4-2012.    
Ichneumon xanthorius. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ichneumon xanthorius. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.Ichneumon xanthorius. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.   Ichneumon xanthorius. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photos 12-4-2012.

Ichneumon xanthorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Ichneumon xanthorius. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ichneumon xanthorius. Male with black antennae. Photos 25-6-2019.         

Hepiopelmus melanogaster. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Hepiopelmus melanogaster. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Hepiopelmus melanogaster. Male. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
It looks like a Coelichneumon. Also a black ichneumon wasp. The scutelum is white. Along the eyes and on the shoulders a white stripe. About 18 mm.
Photos: 13-8-2013.    
Diadromus collaris. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Diadromus collaris. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Diadromus collaris. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.Diadromus collaris. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Diadromus collaris. Female. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Red-brown with black. Legs and antennas (first segment thick and black) for the most part yellow-brown. About 6-7 mm.
Parasitic on Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella).  Photos: 12-4-2019.    
Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Patrocloides sputator. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Female. 
Black with red shins and a red band around the abdomen.  Photos 19-10-2012.
  
Stenichneumon culpator. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Difficult for it is very simiilar to the Patrocloides sputator. .. Stenichneumon culpator. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Difficult for it is very simiilar to the Patrocloides sputator.  Stenichneumon culpator. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Female.
Difficult for it is very simiilar to the Patrocloides sputator. Black with red shins and a red band around the abdomen. 
According to Camille Thirion the abdomen end is that of Stenichneumon!: Abdomen end of Patrocloides sputator = Amblypygi. Head narrowed behind at Stenicheumon culpator. Very strong spine of coxa III in the medium of the coxa female culpator. (coxa III is the first segment of the hind leg near the body).
The spine of the coxa isn't visible in these photos. Photos 25-3-2014.
    
Vulgichneumon saturatorius nigripedis. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Vulgichneumon saturatorius nigripedis. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Vulgichneumon saturatorius nigripedis. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Vulgichneumon saturatorius nigripedis. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Vulgichneumon saturatorius nigripedis. Tribe Ichneumonini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
The similar Vulgichneumon saturatorius and Vulgichneumon bimaculatus have red legs. The size of this Ichneumon wasp is about 11, 12 mm. Photos 4-9-2012.
  
Tribe Phaeogenini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Tribe Phaeogenini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Tribe Phaeogenini. Subfamily Ichneumoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A small female ichneumon wasp from about 5 mm. 
Tribe Phaeogenini, a name isn't possible. A tribe with many small wasps.  Photos 29-3-2019.  


Metopiinae.

Colpotrochia cincta. Subfamily Metopiinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.   Colpotrochia cincta. Subfamily Metopiinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A black ichneumon was. The abdomen and legs have pale yellow bands. The size of this Ichneumon wasp is about 11 mm.  June - August.
Photo 18-8-2013.  


Ophionae

Enicospilus spec. Tribe Enicospilini. Subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Enicospilus spec. Tribe Enicospilini. Subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Enicospilus spec. Tribe Enicospilini. Subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
In the Netherlands, there are six species: E. combustus, E. merdarius, E. ramidulus, E. repentinus, E. tournieri, E. undulatus.
Deze wesp was ongeveer 2 cm. Photos 24-8-2016.  

Enicospilus spec. Tribe Enicospilini. Subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Enicospilus genus is distinguished by the two orange spots on the wings (indicated by two arrows).     
Ophion minutus. Tribe Ophionini. subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Ophion minutus. Tribe Ophionini. subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.Ophion minutus. Tribe Ophionini. subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Ophion minutus. Tribe Ophionini. Subfamily Ophioninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Not sure, because there are more similar species. However, this species is active this time. Furthermore, they can also be confused with Netelia species. However, the wing veins of these wasps is different. 
This is a relatively small species. I also see larger species, but they don't want to sit still up till now. A light orange Ichneumon wasp with yellow markings on the thorax. Male, because the females have an ovipositor.
Host: caterpillars. Length about 11 - 15 mm. April - June.
Photos 24-4-2014.   

Pimplinae.
The females are to recognize by the short straight ovipositor. 

Ichneumon wasp. Male. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Ichneumon wasp. Male. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A beautiful large Ichneumon wasp. Unfortunately a name isn't possible.
The answer of  Pierre-Nicolas from Belgium was: A male of Pimplinae like Dolichomitus, Liotryphon, Ephialtes,...
   
Apechthis compunctor. Tribe Pimplini. Onderfamilie Pimplinae. Familie Gewone sluipwespen. Ichneumonidae... Apechthis compunctor Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Apechthis compunctor Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
An ichneumon wasp of the genus genus Pimplinae. I am glad it was possible to determine this species. Length: 7 - 15 mm. June - October.
 Photos 4-9-2010, 3-10-2013.       
Pimpla spec Tribe Pimplini. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A small one. A bit smaller than 1 cm.  Photo 26-9-2010.
   
Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini.  Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Photo 23-5-2010.   
Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini.  Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  A possibility is Pimpla rufipes... Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini. Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  A possibility is Pimpla rufipes  Pimpla spec. Tribe Pimplini.  Subfamily Pimplinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A possibility is Pimpla rufipes. But there are more similar species. A black wasp with distinctive red legs. The antennae are black. Length about 15 mm. Photo 27-8-2013.
   
Polysphincta group of genera in Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Polysphincta group of genera in Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Polysphincta group of genera in Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Gergely Várkonyi: This wasp belongs to the Polysphincta group of genera in Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Possible genera are (e.g.) Polysphincta and Oxyrrhexis. O. carbonator is one of the possibilities. But Polysphincta spp. look similar. (spp: species pluralis, several species). Thanks Gergely.  About 10 mm.
 Photos 15-10-2011.   
Tribe Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Tribe Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Tribe Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A slender Ichneumon wasp. A name isn't possible. Photos 2-10-2013.
   
Clistopyga spec. Tribe Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Clistopyga spec. Tribe Ephialtini (Pimplinae). Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A slender Ichneumon wasp of about 7-8 mm. There are three known species in the Netherlands: Clistopyga incitator, Clistopyga sziladyi, Clistopyga sziladyi. Photos 24-5-2014.
    


Tryphoninae

Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. . Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Netelia spec. Tribe Phytodietini. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
No Netelia testaceus, for the end of the body of this species is black. The other species are difficult to identify.
Furthermore, they can also be confused with Ophion species. But the veins of  the wings are different. Photos 13-10-2008.     
Ichneumon wasp Perhaps a species of the subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... TryphoninaeTryphoninaeTryphoninae  Ichneumon wasp Perhaps a species of the subfamily Tryphoninae.
Many members of this family are parasites of the sawfly.
Photos 27-4-2009. 
CCosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae... Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.. Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Probably Cosmoconus spec. Subfamily Tryphoninae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
I don't know the species. But it looks like Cosmoconus elongator. Another species in the Netherlands Cosmoconus ceratophorus.
In August I see them flying in the garden. It has a distinctive orange abdomen. The legs are black and yellow. The antennae are dark orange. Size is approximately 10 mm. Thanks: Camille Thirion and Kees Zwakhals. Photos 28-8-2011, 30-8-2011.
     


Cryptinae = Gelinae

It could be fam. Ichneumnidae, subfam.Cryptinae, and there is a remote possibility that it is some Gelis spec.  Ichneumon wasp. A small antlike wasp. Maybe subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae.
On forum "hymis":
Henrik Gyurkovics thinks: It could be fam. Ichneumnidae, subfam.Cryptinae, and there is a remote possibility that it is some Gelis spec.Thanks Henrik
Wasp in the genus Gelis are wingless.
   
Gelis spec.  Subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Gelis spec.  Subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
A male. About 3 - 4 mm. Wasp in the genus Gelis are wingless. Photo 20-10-2014.
     
Orthizema hadrocerum (very likely). Female. Subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Very likely according to Martin Schwarz. .. Orthizema hadrocerum (very likely). Female. Subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Very likely according to Martin Schwarz.   Orthizema hadrocerum (very likely). Female. Subfamily Cryptinae = Gelinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae. Very likely according to Martin Schwarz. 
A beautiful coloured wasp. About 5 mm.
Photos 20-6-2016.   


Xoridinae.

Xorides-cf-fuligator. Subfamily Xoridinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Xorides-cf-fuligator. Subfamily Xoridinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
It was sitting in the shade. But I think it's still a nice photo. Black with red abdomen (not clearly visible on this photo) and red thighs. Antennae black with white. The ovipositor is bent downwards at the end. They parasitize the larvae of some species of longhorn beetles. 
Approximately 16 mm.
May - June. Photos 30-6-2012.   
Xorides praecatorius. Subfamily Xoridinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.  Xorides praecatorius. Subfamily Xoridinae. Family Ichneumon wasps, Ichneumonidae.
Black with mostly red legs. Striking white "knees". Antennae black with white. The
ovipositor is bent downwards at the end.
They parasitize on the larvae of some species of
longhorn beetles and metallic wood-boring beetles (Buprestidae). 6-15 mm. April - August. Photos 21-7-2019. female


An example of a difficult Ichneumon wasp. Subfamily Ctenopelmatinae, Tryphoninae..?

Gergely: This is a difficult one, Ctenopelmatinae/Tryphoninae..... Gergely: This is a difficult one, Ctenopelmatinae/Tryphoninae... Gergely: This is a difficult one, Ctenopelmatinae/Tryphoninae... About 1 cm. Very late in the year. Even the subfamily is not possible. Photos 13-11-2011    

 

Braconidae

Wereldwijd is dit ook een heel grote groep met meer dan 10.000 soorten. Antennes hebben 17 of meer segmenten. Een slank lichaam.  

Subfamily Doryctinae.
Most species parasitize on beetle larvae in wood or under bark. 

Spathius spec.  Family Braconidae.. Spathius spec.  Family Braconidae  Spathius spec.  Subfamily Aphidiinae. Family Braconidae
A small parasitic wasp from about 4 mm on a rotten plank. It was well camouflaged.
The Dutch expert Kees van Achterberg has written (translated): The Braconidae wasp is indeed a Spathius (gregarious ectoparasitoiden of beetle larvae live in wood), but the species can not be determined without the specimen in your hands. It is a problem group to identify, even if you have a specimen!
I want to thank Kees van Achterberg and Pietsje, who has asked about this small wasp to Kees. Photos: 27-3-2011.    

Subfamily Aphidiinae.

A wasp from the subfamily Aphidiinae. Family Braconidae.  A wasp from the subfamily Aphidiinae. Family Braconidae.
A wasp from about 2 mm in the ivy. The big yellow wing stigmas are quite striking.
Wasps from the subfamily Aphidiinae use aphids as their host. The subfamily is divided into Ephedrini, Praini and Aphidiini. Most species are  from tribes Aphidiini (Aphidius, Diaeretiella, Diaeretus, Diaeretellus, Lysaphidus, Lysiphlebia, Paralipsis, Pauesia, Protaphidius, Pseudopauesia, Adialytus, Lysiphlebus, Xenostigmus).
Photo 3-11-2016.   

Subfamily Euphorinae.
Wasps from this subfamily mainly parasitize on adult hosts from different insect orders, although most species are limited to beetles.

Pygostolus otiorhynchi. Tribe Centistini. Subfamily Euphorinae. Family Braconidae... Pygostolus otiorhynchi. Tribe Centistini. Subfamily Euphorinae. Family Braconidae.Pygostolus otiorhynchi. Tribe Centistini. Subfamily Euphorinae. Family Braconidae. Pygostolus otiorhynchi. Tribe Centistini. Subfamily Euphorinae. Family Braconidae.
An orange wasp. Yellow orange wing stigmas.
They mainly parasitize on adult beetles from the Curculionidae family. The cocoons are attached to twigs and leaves. Photo 1-5-2019.
  Key to the Holarctic species of the genus Pygostolus Haliday    

 

Ceraphronidae and Megaspilidae.
Ceraphronidae Megaspilidae and are both small families, which are closely related. The wasps can be brachypterous or wingless. The Megaspilidae with wings differ from the Ceraphronidae by a very large stigma in the wing. The larvae are parasites of all kinds of insects. All species are small (up to five mm).

Megaspilidae spec. First there was thought to Ceraphronidae spec.  The species is unknown..    Megaspilidae spec. First there was thought to Ceraphronidae spec. The species is unknown.
Wingless, very small and dark. It struck me as he walked on a white stool. The wingless species are found in the soil between the leaf litter. About 2 mm. Photo 9-10-2012.  
   
Megaspilidae spec... Megaspilidae spec.. Megaspilidae spec.. Megaspilidae spec. Megaspilidae spec. 
The species is unknown. If you enlarge the pictures, you can see the clearly visible large stigma in the wing.
Small and dark on a bamboo leaf.
About 2 mm. Photos 2-10-2012.      

 

Chalcid wasps, superfamily Chalcidoidea

There are many species. Most are small and therefore very difficult to identify from a photograph. The larvae parasitize.

Chalid wasp, family Eulophidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.  Chalid wasp, family Eulophidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.
An approximately 3 mm long wasp with a blue-green sheen. A name isn't possible. Most of Eulophidae are primary parasitoids of concealed larvae, like the larvae inhabiting leaf mines. Photo 8-4-2014.
   
Chalid wasp, family Eulophidae. Male. Superfamily Chalcidoidea. 5-8-2015 Chalid wasp, family Eulophidae. Male. It can be seen in the branched antenna, which some males have.      
Euplectrus bicolor. Family Eulophidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.  Euplectrus bicolor. Family Eulophidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.
About 2-3 mm. Black with an orange-yellow triangular spot on the abdomen. The females attach their eggs to the outside of caterpillars from different butterfly families. The larvae develop as ectoparasites on the outside of the caterpillars. Many similar Euplectus species occur in warmer areas. Photo 10-8-2019.
Chalid wasp, Perilampus spec Family Perilampidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea... Chalid wasp, Perilampus spec Family Perilampidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.. Chalid wasp, Perilampus spec Family Perilampidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.  Chalid wasp, Perilampus spec Family Perilampidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.
3 mm. I found it in the pantry. Below I have a picture, it was in a cup. After this photo I have put it outside and have taken more photographs. Metallic and as beautiful as a jewel wasp. 
Albert de Wilde told me that there are 11 species in the Netherlands.
Photos 25-9-2011.  
Chalid wasp  Family Pteromalidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea... Chalid wasp  Family Pteromalidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea. Chalid wasp, family Pteromalidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.
A 3 or 4 mm wasp. Metallic, but different in colour than my other chalid wasp.
The front and rear tarsus consists of five segments. Length: 1 to 5 mm. Antenna: 8 to 13 segments. Few veins in the wing.
Photos 10-7-2011.    
Chalid wasp  Family Torymidae Superfamily Chalcidoidea.. Chalid wasp  Family Torymidae Superfamily Chalcidoidea  Chalid wasp, family Torymidae. Superfamily Chalcidoidea.
A 3 or 4 mm wasp, with a beautiful golden glow. A name isn't possible.
Photos 26-4-2011.   

 

Gall wasps, Cynipidae.

Most females in this group lay their eggs with their ovipositor in plants. Than the plant galls develop. Ibalia leucospoides, described below, does not lay their eggs on plants.

Ibalia leucospoides Family Ibaliidae, Gall wasps (Cynipidae).. Ibalia leucospoides Family Ibaliidae, Gall wasps (Cynipidae) Ibalia leucospoides Family Ibaliidae, Gall wasps (Cynipidae) In the Netherlands very rare!!!!!
It is a parasite of wood wasps of the genera Sirex, Urocerus and Xeris which live in 'pine'.
A very special wasp. The abdomen is very narrow. It has the wings along its abdomen. The veins look very different to the veins of other wasps. Antenna female: 13 segments. Male 15 segments.
In the Netherlands there are known are two species: Ibalia leucospoides (Hochenwarth, 1785) and Ibalia rufipes Cresson, 1879. Worldwide there are not too many species.
Length to 15 mm. Holarctic region; introduced to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa
. Photos 3-8-2011.     

 

Gasteruptiidae.

Characteristic of this family is that the metasoma (the posterior part of the body) is very high attached.  
The eggs are laid in nests of solitary bees. Antenna segments 13 (males) ​​or 14 (females) The hind tibiae are swollen and there are 3 red bands on the abdomen.

Family Gasteruptiidae. Probably Gasteruption assectator. Family Gasteruptiidae. Probably  Gasteruption assectator. Family Gasteruptiidae.
The female has a short ovipositor. Similar to the larger Gasteruption jaculator. But the female has a long ovipositor. However, there are more species in the Netherlands.
Length 8 - 12 mm.    
Two other species. Family Gasteruptiidae.   Family Gasteruptiidae. Photos 27-6-2011 and 4-7-2011     

 

I want to thank everyone, who has helped me on waarneming.nl and forum.hymis.de to identify. Especially Camille Thirion,  Joël Valemberg, Pierre Nicolas, Gergely Várkonyi, Gerard Pennards and Fons Verheyde.

Camille Thirion has a photo gallery Ichneumonidae arranged by subfamily    Forum about Ichneumonidae from Camille Thirion: www.cthirion.com
The Garden Safari Information about insects by Hans Arentsen en Hania Berdys    Information Ichneumonidae: Aramel.free.fr
Information about flies:  Diptera.info    
Identification key to the subfamilies of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) by Gavin Broad    


             

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